Feb 8, 2016

Hezekiah's Tunnel

The author walking through Hezekiah’s Tunnel
which was discovered by Edward Robinson in 1838.
The tunnel brought water from the Gihon Spring to
the Pool of Siloam, in the Silwan neighbourhood of East Jerusalem.
It is mentioned in 2 Kgs 20:20 and 2 Chron 32:3–4


Hezekiah's Tunnel - Jerusalem

Liberty Excavation Reports Requirements

INDEX of Sites

On Hezekiah's Tunnel you will need to deal with several aspects. Some questions you might answer are: How was it discovered and who discovered it? Why is it important? How does this relate to Jerusalem and their water supply? How is it related to the Pool of Siloam and the Gihon Spring? How many Pools have been discovered? You may mention the Pool of Siloam and the new discovery, but don't get bogged down with this issue as there is enough material here to be its own topic. To get your feet wet here is a short video.  Remember you are focusing on Hezekiah's tunnel. Remember to provide "the historical background of the site (including history of previous archaeological excavations, if any), objectives of the current excavation, progress at the site, and significance of discoveries to biblical study." Make sure to choose a good encyclopedia, journal articles, and books that specialize in the subject. This will give you a cross section of material.

Also, I have material in my book along with photographs and illustrations. Key Themes of the Old Testament: A Survey of Major Theological Themes (Moncton, N.B.: Electronic Christian Media, 2013), 282–84. LINK

Possible Research help but much of this is out of date:   

  • Amihai Sneh, Ram Weinberger and Eyal Shalev. Again the Siloam Tunnel,” Bible History Daily: Biblical Archaeology Society (December 12, 2013). LINK.
  • Blake, Frank R. The Word _____  in the Siloam Inscription,” Journal of the American Oriental Society 22 (January 1, 1901): 55–60.
  • Biblical Archaeology Society Staff. Hezekiah’s Tunnel Reexamined: The dates assigned the Siloam Inscription and Jerusalem tunnels are questioned,”  Bible History Daily: Biblical Archaeology Society. August 23, 2013.
  • Charlesworth, James H. "The Tale of Two Pools: Archaeology and the Book of John,” Near East Archaeological Society Bulletin 56 (2011): Pages 1–14. Liberty ILL
  • Cole, Dan P. How Water Tunnels Worked,”  Biblical Archaeology Review 6 no.2 (March/April 1980): 8–29. LOOKUP or BAR
  • Elitzur, Yoel. The Siloam Pool––'Solomon’s Pool–– Was a Swimming Pool’,” Palestine Exploration Quarterly 140, no. 1 (2008): 17–25. LINK
  • Frumkin, Amos, Aryeh Shiron and Jeff Rosenbaum. Radiometric Dating of the Siloam Tunnel, Jerusalem,”  Nature 425, no. 6954 (September 2003): 16971. ProQuest
  • Frumkin, Amos, and Aryeh Shimron. Tunnel engineering in the Iron Age: geo–archaeology of the Siloam Tunnel, Jerusalem,” Journal of Archaeological Science 33, no. 2 (2006): 22737.
  • Graves, David E. Moments in History: Hezekiah,” Key Themes of the Old Testament: A Survey of Major Theological Themes (Moncton, N.B.: Electronic Christian Media, 2013), 27880. Look Inside
  • Gill, Dan. Jerusalems Underground Water Systems: How they Met: Geology Solves Long–Standing Mystery of Hezekiah’s Tunnelers,”  Biblical Archaeology Review 20, No. 4 (Jul/Aug 1994): 2033, 64. LOOKUP
  • Hayes, Holly. Pool of Siloam, Jerusalem,”  Sacred Destinations: Sacred Sites, Religious Places  LINK
  • Jackson, Wayne. Hezekiah’s Tunnel,” The Christian Courier. 2014. LINK.
  • Kleven, Terence. Up the Waterspout: How David’s General Joab Got Inside Jerusalem. " Biblical Archaeology Review 20, no. 4 (Jul/Aug 1994): 34–35. LOOKUP
  • Masterman, E. W. G. Recent Excavations in Jerusalem,” The Biblical World 39, no. 5 (May 1, 1912): 295–306. (outdated on the old pool)
  • Maugh, Thomas H. II. Biblical Pool of Siloam Uncovered in Jerusalem,” Pittsburgh Post Gazette, August 09, 2005.
  • Reich, Ronny. Excavating the City of David: Where Jerusalem’s History Began. Jerusalem: Israel Exploration Society, 2011.
  • Reich, Ronny and Eli Shukron. Light at the End of the Tunnel,”  Biblical Archaeology Review 25, no. 1 (Jan/Feb 1999): 2233, 72. 
  • Shiloh, Yigal. Jerusalem’s Water Supply During Siege,” 
  • ”The Rediscovery of Warren’s Shaft,”  Biblical Archaeology Review 07:04 (July/Aug 1981) 
  • Schick, C. Phoenician Inscription in the pool of Siloam,”  Palestine Exploration Quarterly 12, no. 4 (1880): 238239. (outdated on the old pool)
  • Shaheen, Naseeb. The Siloam End of Hezekiah’s Tunnel,” Palestine Exploration Quarterly 109, no. 2 (1977): 107–12.
  • Shanks, Hershel. Ritual Bath or Swimming Pool?,”  Biblical Archaeology Review 34, no. 3 (2008): 18. LOOKUP
  • _____. The Siloam Pool: Where Jesus Cured the Blind Man,” Biblical Archaeology Review 31, no.5 (2005): 17–23. PDF or LINK
  • _____. Will King Hezekiah Be Dislodged from His Tunnel?,”    Biblical Archaeology Review 39, no. 5 (Sep/Oct 2013). LOOKUP or LINK
  • Sinay, Reenat. Excavators Discover 3,800 year old Biblical Fortress in City of David,” The Jerusalem Post. (April 2, 2014), n.p. LINK
  • Waterman, H. B. The Siloam Inscription,”  The Hebrew Student 1, no. 3 (June 1, 1882): 52–53. (outdated on the old pool)
  • Wright, Theodore F. Nehemiah’s Night Ride (Neh. Ii. 12–15),” Journal of Biblical Literature 15, no. 1/2 (January 1, 1896): 129–134. (outdated on the old pool)
  • _____. The Siloam and Simplon Tunnels,”  The Biblical World 27, no. 6 (June 1, 1906): 468–472. LINK (outdated on the old pool)
  • Wilkinson, J. "The Pool of Siloam,”  Levant 10 (1978) 116–25. (outdated on the old pool).

Dictionaries and Encyclopedias:

The list of abbreviations can be found here. LINK
  • Coote, Robert B. Siloam Inscription,” Pages 23–24 in vol. 6 of The Anchor Bible Dictionary. 6 vols. Freedman, David Noel, Gary A. Herion, David F. Graf, and John David Pleins, eds. New York: Doubleday, 1992. 
  • Dahood, M. J. Siloam Inscription,” New Catholic Encyclopedia. 2nd ed. Vol. 13. Detroit: Gale, 2003. 120. Gale Virtual Reference Library. Web. 1 July 2014. LINK
  • Brisco, Thomas V., ed. Jerusalem: The water systems,”  Page 146 in The Holman Bible Atlas: A Complete Guide To The Expansive Geography of Biblical History. Broadman & Holman Reference. Nashville, Tenn.: Broadman & Holman, 1978. 
  • Freedman, David Noel, Allen C. Myers, and Astrid B. Beck, eds. Siloam,”  Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible. Grand Rapids, Mich.: Eerdmans, 2000. 
  • Görg, M. Gihon (Place),” Pages 1018–1019 in vol. 2 of The Anchor Bible Dictionary. 6 vols. Freedman, David Noel, Gary A. Herion, David F. Graf, and John David Pleins, eds. New York, N.Y.: Doubleday, 1996. 
  • Mare, W. Harold, Siloam, Pool of (Place),” Page 24–26 in vol 6 of The Anchor Bible Dictionary. 6 vols. Freedman, David Noel, Gary A. Herion, David F. Graf, and John David Pleins, eds. New York, N.Y.: Doubleday, 1992. 
  • Negev, Avraham. The Archaeological Encyclopedia of the Holy Land. 3rd ed. New York: Prentice Hall Press, 1996.  (outdated on the old pool).
  • Pfeiffer, Charles F., ed. Siloam Inscription,” pages 52833 in Wycliffe Dictionary of Biblical Archaeology. Peabody, Mass.: Hendrickson, 2000.

Modified Feb 16, 2016. Copyright © 2016 Electronic Christian Media.  

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