Feb 8, 2016


Aerial view of Masada.
Photo by Andrew Shiva.


Liberty Excavation Reports Requirements

INDEX of Sites

On Masada be sure not to get sidetracked with the story of Roman conquest and suicide at Masada. Be sure to look at the archaeological work that has been done there in the different periods and be sure to look at the oldest synagogue, and ancient scrolls found, just to name a couple of the significant discoveries. Make sure to deal with the significance of the site for first century studies.  The official website for Masada is at this LINK. Remember to provide"the historical background of the site (including history of previous archaeological excavations, if any), objectives of the current excavation, progress at the site, and significance of discoveries to biblical study. "Make sure to choose a good encyclopedia, journal articles, and books that specialize in the subject. This will give you a cross section of material.
  • The Israel Exploration Society publications on Masada LINK
  • Avi–Yonah, Michael N. Avigad, Y. Aharoni, I. Dunayevsky And S. Gutman,The Archaeological Survey of Masada,” Israel Exploration Journal 7 no. 1, 1957, 1–60. JSTOR
  • Ben–Yehuda, Nachman.The Masada Myth: Collective Memory and Mythmaking In Israel. University of Wisconsin Press: December 8, 1995.Look Inside
  • _____.   Sacrificing Truth: Archaeology and the Myth of Masada. Amherst, N.Y.: Humanity Books, 2002. Look Inside
  • Bar–Nathan, R., Masada; The Yigael Yadin Excavations 1963–1965, Vol 7. IES Jerusalem, 2006.
  • Crawford, Sidnie White. Scribe Links Qumran and Masada,” Biblical Archaeology Review 38:06 (Nov/Dec 2012): n.p. LOOKUP or LINK
  • Dant, D. R. “Masada and the World of the New Testament (1996-97),” Brigham Young University Studies, Vol. 36, No. 3, 1430. Index PDF 400 pages of articles on Masada. JSTOR
  •  Davies, Gwyn The Masada Siege: From the Roman Viewpoint,” Biblical Archaeology Review 40 No. 4 (Jul/Aug 2014), 28–36,  76. LINK View through Liberty Library login or BAR
  • Hall, J. F.and J. W. Welch, Masada and the World of the New Testament, 1997. Look Inside
  • Hurvitz, Gila. The Story of Masada: Discoveries from the Excavations. The Hebrew University of Jerusalem: The Institute of Archaeology 2002. LINK
  • Jacobson, David,"The Northern Palace at Masada – Herod’s Ship of the Desert?,” Palestine Exploration Quarterly 138 no. 2 (2006), 99–117. LINK
  • Kadman, L. A Coin Find at Masada,” Israel Exploration Journal 7 no. 1, 1957, 61–65. LINK
  • Netzer, Ehud. The Last Days and Hours at Masada: Zealots Scavenged Roof Beams to Build Wall to Resist Attack by Roman Siege Machines,” Biblical Archaeology Review 17, no. 6  (1991): 2032.
  • Netzer, Ehud.  The Palaces of the Hasmoneans and Herod the Great. Jerusalem: Yed Ben–Zvi Press and The Israel Exploration Society, 2001.
  • Ngo, Robin. Masada: The Dead Seas's Desert Fortress. Washington, D.C.: Biblical Archaeology Society, 2014. Five articles by various authors. PDF
  • _____. The Masada Siege: The Roman Assault on Herod’s Desert Fortress,” Bible History Daily, June 13, 2014. LINK
  • Roller, Duane W. The Building Program of Herod the Great. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press, 1998.
  • Shanks,  Hershel. Masada: The Final Reports,” Biblical Archaeology Review 23 no. 1 (Jan/Feb 1997): 5863. BAR
  • Wilson, E. Jan The Masada Synagogue and Its Relationship to Jewish Worship during the Second Temple Period,” Brigham Young University Studies, Vol. 36, No. 3, Masada and the World of the New Testament (1996-97), pp. 269-276. LINK
  • Yadin, Yigael, Joseph Naveh, and Yaacov Meshorer. Masada I: The Yigael Yadin Excavations 1963–1965: Final Reports. The Masada Reports. 6 vols. Atlanta, Ga.: Biblical Archaeology Society, 1989–99.
  • Yadin, Yigael. The Excavation of Masada, 1963/64: Preliminary Report,” Israel Exploration Journal 15, no. 1/2 (January 1, 1965): 1–120. JSTOR
  • Yadin, Yigael. Masada: Herod’s Fortress and the Zealots’ Last Stand. London, 1966.

Dictionaries and Encyclopedias:

The list of abbreviations can be found here. LINK
  • Avi–Yonah, Michael, and Ephraim Stern. Masada,” Encyclopedia of Archaeological Excavations in the Holy Land. 4 vols. Upper Saddle River, N.J.: Prentice Hall, 1978.  
  • Foerster, Gideon. Masada,” Edited by Merrill C. Tenney and Mois├ęs Silva. Pages 122–24 in  Vol 4: Zondervan Pictorial Encyclopedia of the Bible. 5 vols. Revised, Full–Color Edition. Grand Rapids, Mich.: Zondervan, 2009.
  • Kogel, Lynne Alcott Masada,” Freedman, David Noel, Allen C. Myers, and Astrid B. Beck, eds. Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible. Grand Rapids, Mich.: Eerdmans, 2000. 
  • Negev, Avraham, and Shimon Gibson, eds. Masada,”  page 320325 in Archaeological Encyclopedia of the Holy Land. New rev., and updated. 1 vols. New York, N.Y.: Continuum International, 2001.
  • Netzer, Ehud. Masada,” Edited by David Noel Freedman, Gary A. Herion, David F. Graf, and John David Pleins. Pages 586–87 in Vol. 4: The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary. 6 vols. New York, N.Y.: Doubleday, 1992
  • Pfeiffer, Charles F., ed. Masada,” pages 36768 in Wycliffe Dictionary of Biblical Archaeology. Peabody, Mass.: Hendrickson, 2000.
  • Stern, Ephraim, Ayelet Levinson–Gilboa, and Joseph Aviram, eds. Masada,”  Pages 973–85 in Vol. 3: The New Encyclopedia of Archaeological Excavations in the Holy Land. 4 vols. New York, N.Y.: MacMillan, 1993.
  • Stiebel, Guy D. Masada,” Encyclopaedia Judaica.Ed. Michael Berenbaum and Fred Skolnik. 2nd ed. Vol. 13. Detroit: Macmillan Reference USA, 2007. 59399. Available through Liberty Ezproxy signin.

Modified Feb 17, 2016. Copyright © 2016 Electronic Christian Media.  

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