Jun 18, 2014

Key Facts for the Location of Sodom Student Edition

Just released the Key Facts for the Location of Sodom Student Edition: Navigating the Maze of Arguments. 2014. ISBN-13: 978-1499660241 ISBN-10: 1499660243.

A essential resource for anyone doing research on the Location of the Cities of the Plain or Pentapolis.

Have you ever wondered where Sodom was located? The Bible describes the destruction of Sodom and Gomorrah in Genesis 19 in terms of fire and brimstone falling from heaven. But what actually happened to these cities? Where are they today? Did they survive the cataclysmic destruction? Two archaeological sites have recently been identified as Sodom, but which is the best candidate for the location of Sodom: Tall el-Hammâm, at the northern end of the Dead Sea in the Jordan Valley, or Bâb edh-Dhrâ, at the southern end of the Dead Sea in the Ghor? Trying to navigate the maze of arguments can be a daunting task. Graves provides a useful tool for students and other researchers in their quest for the location of this illusive biblical city.

This work provides sixty-two essential facts grouped together in methodological, hermeneutical, geographical, chronological, archaeological, cataclysmal, and geological chapters, which set the stage for further research and consideration. The advantage of such a book is that it provides a collective source of material for students that would otherwise take a long time to assemble or otherwise be inaccessible. Twelve detailed maps, seven charts, tables, and twenty eight photographs are included which will help facilitate understanding of the unfamiliar terrain of the Dead Sea and Jordan Valley. A timeline puts everything into perspective for the dates of the occupation and destruction for each of the ancient sites involved.  A glossary defines technical terms, and extensive footnotes, a bibliography, and reference to a large index of subjects and authors provides an invaluable resource to students for future study.

It is available at CreateSpace eStore, Amazon.com. and soon at the Liberty Bookstore.

Jun 17, 2014

Liberty Turabian Helps

Turabian Format

BIBL 471 - Biblical Archaeology

Liberty University Students

The Full Note Chicago-Turabian (also called Society for Biblical Literature or SBL) format, used in biblical studies courses around the world, MUST be followed for all footnotes (NOT end-notes or APA which is also called Turabian parenthetical in-text citations style) and bibliography used in ALL papers submitted in Liberty Online courses I teach. NEVER use APA format or Turabian parenthetical in-text citations style in any footnote in this class which looks like this (Smith 1980, 34). Format your text in Times New Roman 12 point and NOT Arial.

Liberty Religion & Philosophy Research Guide. See under Citation Help

INDEX

TURABIAN WRITING HELPS

  1. Liberty's Turabian Basic Guide PDF. Follow this guide to format your papers.
  2. Kate L. Turabian’s Manual for Writers of Research Papers, Theses, and Dissertations presents the Chicago Manual of Style
  3. The Liberty Online Writing Center (OWC):  Would you like a writing tutor? “Without editing, OWC tutors provide comprehensive written feedback on drafts with direct links to web resources and writing aids specific to each student’s writing needs OR speak with students via Skype to discuss projects at any stage of the writing process. Through the OWC, online students may also access a wide variety of resources—handouts, worksheets, and presentations—to research writing concerns and improve their academic writing skills.” Tutors (not editors or proofreaders) are available through the OWC. If you struggle writing papers, I encourage you to take advantage of this resource and which is free to Liberty students. Follow the “General Guidelines” link found on the left column on the OWC homepage.
  4. Liberty Video on how to write a research paper.
  5. Liberty Video on how to use Turabian.
  6. Liberty InfoRM Learn how to use resources and write academic papers.
  7. Alexander, Patrick, John F. Kutsko, and Shirley Decker-Lucke. The SBL Handbook of Style: For Ancient Near Eastern, Biblical, and Early Christian Studies. Peabody, Mass.: Hendrickson, 1999. There is a Society for Biblical Literature (SBL) Student Supplement for Turabian for biblical studies PDF that is helpful for students. Turabian used in biblical studies can sometimes be a bit complicated.
  8. ETURABIAN: This is a great tool to help put your footnotes in the proper format. The Service is free but you will need to set up a username and password.
  9. ZOTERO: A helpful footnote tool is the free Firefox plug-in called Zotero. It is used for automatically inserting footnotes into your papers and automatically creating your bibliography and keeping it up to date with any new footnotes you add. You can follow the instructional videos online to set it up. There are also YouTube videos that will help. There are also a necessary word processor plugins, available for Microsoft Word and LibreOffice, OpenOffice and NeoOffice. This will allow you to place footnotes into your papers automatically. Word processor plugins are available here. Gather bibliographic information off of sites like Amazon.com and insert the footnote into your paper with a few clicks of your mouse. If you use Zotero then select their Citation Style: "Chicago Manual of Style (full note)."
  10. Microsoft Format Feature: NOTE: The "References/ Insert Citations" feature in Microsoft Word for Chicago and Turabian DOES NOT enter the footnotes correctly in your document so do not use it for your footnotes and bibliography. Enter the footnotes and bibliography manually or use Zotero or eturabian.com.

Back to the Index

SAMPLES OF TURABIAN


Book

Footnote: 2 Randall Price. The Stones Cry Out: What Archaeology Reveals About the Truth of the Bible (Eugene, Oreg.: Harvest House, 1997), 106.
Formula: FirstName LastName. BookTitleInItalics (City: Publisher, Date), PageNumber.

Second Time Used:  Price, The Stones Cry Out, 106.
 

Bibliography:
Price, J. Randall. The Stones Cry Out: What Archaeology Reveals About the Truth of the Bible. Eugene, Oreg.: Harvest House, 1997.
Formula:  LastName, LastName. BookTitleInItalics. City: Publisher, Date.

Back to the Index

Edited Book


Footnote: 2 James Karl Hoffmeier and Alan R. Millard, eds., The Future of Biblical Archaeology: Reassessing Methodologies and Assumptions, The Proceedings of a Symposium, August 12-14, 2001 at Trinity International University (Grand Rapids, Mich.: Eerdmans, 2004), 106.
Formula: FirstName LastName, eds., BookTitleInItalics (City: Publisher, Date), PageNumber.

Second Time Used:  Hoffmeier and Millard, eds., The Future of Biblical Archaeology, 106.
 

Bibliography:
Hoffmeier, James Karl, and Alan R. Millard, eds. The Future of Biblical Archaeology: Reassessing Methodologies and Assumptions. The Proceedings of a Symposium, August 12-14, 2001 at Trinity International University. Grand Rapids, Mich.: Eerdmans, 2004.
Formula:  LastName, LastName. BookTitleInItalics. City: Publisher, Date.

Back to the Index

Journal Article

Footnote: 2 Steven Collins, “If You Thought You Knew the Location of Sodom and Gomorrah... Think Again,” Biblical Research Bulletin 7, no. 4 (2007): 3.
Formula:  FirstName LastName. "TitleInQuotationMarks," JournalNameInItalics Volume, No. (Date): PageNumber.

Second Time Used: Collins, “If You Thought You Knew the Location of Sodom and Gomorrah,” 3.
 
Bibliography: Collins, Steven. “If You Thought You Knew the Location of Sodom and Gomorrah... Think Again.” Biblical Research Bulletin 7, no. 4 (2007): 1–6.
Formula: LastName, LastName. "TitleInQuotationMarks," JournalNameInItalics Volume, No. (Date): AllPageNumbersForArticle.

Back to the Index

Dictionary or Encyclopedia Article

Footnote: 2 R. L. Alden, “Sodom,” in The Zondervan Encyclopedia of the Bible: Revised Full-Color Edition, ed. Merrill C. Tenney and Moises Silva, vol. 5, 5 vols. (Grand Rapids, Mich.: Zondervan, 2009), 467.
Formula:  FirstName LastNameWhoWroteArticle, "ArticleTitleInQuotationMarks," in DictionaryNameInItalics, EditorsNames, Volume, HowManyVolumes (City: Publisher, Date), PageNumber.

Second Time Used:   3Alden, “Sodom,” 467.
 
Bibliography: Alden, R. L. “Sodom.” In The Zondervan Encyclopedia of the Bible: Revised Full-Color Edition, edited by Merrill C. Tenney and Moises Silva, Revised., 5:466–68. Grand Rapids, Mich.: Zondervan, 2009.
Formula:  LastNameWhoWroteArticle, FirstName,  "ArticleTitleInQuotationMarks," in DictionaryNameInItalics,  EditorsNames, Volume:AllPageNumbersForArticle. City: Publisher, Date).
OR
Tenney, Merrill C., and Moises Silva, eds. The Zondervan Encyclopedia of the Bible: Revised Full-Color Edition. 5 vols. Grand Rapids, Mich.: Zondervan, 2009.

Formula:  LastName, FirstName, eds. DictionaryNameInItalics,  HowManyVolumes (City: Publisher, Date).

Back to the Index


An Internet Publication WITH a Print Counterpart


 If you have downloaded the PDF from the internet and have pages with page numbers then there is no need to provide the Internet link.
Footnote listed by first name: 29 David Gottlieb, “Biblical Veracity and Archaeology,” Mesora 23 no. 2 (2012): 2. 
Second footnote from the same book would be:
30 Gottlieb, “Biblical Veracity,” 4.


Bibliography listed by last name:
Gottlieb, David, “Biblical Veracity and Archaeology,” Mesora
23 no. 2 (2012): 1-4.

Back to the Index

An Internet Publication WITHOUT a Print Counterpart

When you have a blog or website that does not have page numbers.

Footnotes listed by first name:   33Ashley Scott and Jerold Aust, “Jericho: Does the Evidence Prove or Disprove the Bible?” n.p. [cited 5 May 2013]. Online: http://www.biblearchaeology.org/post/2009/01/30/Jericho-Does-the-Evidence-Disprove-or-Prove-the-Bible.aspx#Article.
Second footnote from the same book would be:
34Scott and Aust, “Jericho," n.p.


Bibliography listed by last name: Scott, Ashley and Jerold Aust, “Jericho: Does the Evidence Prove or Disprove the Bible?” No pages. Cited 5 May 2013. Online: http://www.biblearchaeology.org/post/2009/01/30/Jericho-Does-the-Evidence-Disprove-or-Prove-the-Bible.aspx#Article

Back to the Index

HELPFUL TIPS

  1. TIP: To enter a footnote in your paper using MS Word use: Ctrl + Alt + F. Now type your footnote information at the bottom (Author [firstname + lastname], Title, (City: Publisher, Date), Page no.). 
  2. TIP: For the Turabian format all you need to do is copy and paste the books or articles from my blog into your bibliography to preserve the proper order of the format.Copy into notepad will strip the html code from the text, then from notepad copy and paste into your paper.
Back to the Index

PLAGIARISM

When you copy words from a source—whether it’s a dictionary, another book, someone’s blog, an online article, or even another student’s paper—you will need to properly document your research. Failure to cite a source is plagiarism. Whether intentional or unintentional, it is still plagiarism. I am required to take action when a student plagiarizes. The penalties for plagiarism range. You could fail an assignment, you can fail the course, and you can even be expelled from school.  If you have any questions about what constitutes plagiarism, Liberty has put together this helpful resource. LINK

Hints on citing your sources
 
Here are some helpful citation hints:
 
1)  You must cite your work using " " marks or indent and single space large quotes with footnotes formatted in Turabian format (not APA) when you:

         -Quote directly, paraphrase, or summarize
         -Use an idea in your work that you obtained from somewhere else
         -Refer to a point your instructor made
         -Find a source on the Internet that gives you useful information
         -Is not common knowledge (not everyone knows this)   

Here is a good way to think about citation:  If you can trace the origin of your thoughts, phrases, and arguments to any source except your own mind, you need to cite it using a footnote at the bottom of the page. When in doubt, cite your source! 
 
2)  You do not need Citation when you:
          -Develop an idea entirely on your own
          -Do primary research and want to report the results of the study
          -An idea emerges in class, but is different than what was presented
          -Are talking about your paper with someone and you have an idea
          -Refer to a fact that is common knowledge (most know it)
 
Formatting your citations and papers
 
Concerning formatting of sources, here are some important guidelines within this course:
 
1)  For your formal citations in this course, BIBL 471, you MUST use the Turabian format
HELP.

2) Also, footnotes are good but not necessary in your Discussion Board replies but they MUST be used in your Main Contribution.

NOTE: Make sure you DO NOT use the APA format (
also called Turabian parenthetical in-text citations style) that looks like this (Price 1997, 23), but footnotes at the bottom of the page, formatted according to Turabian (HELP and the LIBERTY WEBSITE)


Back to the Index

Modified October 21, 2014 Copyright © 2014 Dr. David E. Graves

Jun 16, 2014

Liberty Biographical Research Paper Sources

Biographical Research Papers

BIBL 471 - Biblical Archaeology

Liberty University Students

Most Journal Articles listed here are either available online at Liberty Library search LINK or through ILL using your ezproxy login. It is not advisable to use Wikipedia as some of the information is unreliable and can be misleading. Here is a link to reliable online resources including Bible Dictionaries and Encyclopedias that are made available through my BLOGAlso, be careful with older Encyclopedias and Dictionaries, as this could reflect outdated research. Also, the Google Books Preview and Amazon.com's Look Inside feature, can be a big help, if you watch carefully the quality of the books (from a publisher with University in the name i.e., Oxford University Press, Harvard, etc.). You may need to set up a Google account to view the pages but this is free. Sometimes pages unavailable through the Amazon Look Inside are available in Google Books and vice verse.

The following lists of resources are not exhaustive and you may use any additional academic resources you have available. You must use at least 6 sources (books or articles) for each paper. To the best of my knowledge the documentation is accurate but if you notice a dead or broken link, please send me an email and I will attempt to repair it for other students. If you have any specific questions please do not hesitate to contact me.

TIP
: If you want the correct TURABIAN format in your paper you can copy and paste these items "as is" into your Bibliography but do not copy the hyperlinks (i.e. LINK or JSTOR buttons). To create your footnotes some changes will be required. See Turabian help LINK

INDEX

TIP: For the Turabian format all you need to do is copy and paste the following books or articles into your bibliography to preserve the proper format. Need more help with Turabian LINK

Agatha Christie

On Agatha Christie remember that we are focusing on archaeology so you do not want to concentrate on the rest of her life. You should only mention the early years if they relate to the subject of archaeology. Christie has an official website that has a bit on here life as an archaeologist. See "Agatha Christie: A New Start" [LINK]. However, the best source of information will be in her biographies. You might also try searching for some of the places she worked and items she discovered in a good Bible Dictionary or Encyclopedia. LINK
You may also find information in articles on Sir Leonard Woolley, as she worked with him. 
Questions that you should answer in your paper include:
  1. Where did she take her training for archaeology?
  2. What was her specialty in archaeology?
  3. What role did photography play in her archaeology?
  4. Where did she excavate?
  5. What famous people did she excavate with?
  6. What discoveries was she involved in?
  7. What was the Biblical impact of her research?
Helpful Resources:
  • Adams, Amanda. “Archaeology's Dig Detective: Agatha Christie 1890-1976.” pages 137-160 in Ladies of the Field: Early Women Archaeologists and Their Search for Adventure. Vancouver, Can. Douglas & McIntyre, 2010.  Look Inside
  • Allsop, Laura. “Agatha Christie’s Secret Life as an Archaeologist.” CNN: World’s Treasures, March 12, 2011, n.p. LINK.
  • Bunson, Matthew. The Complete Christie: An Agatha Christie Encyclopedia. New York, N.Y.: Simon and Schuster, 2000. Look Inside
  • Christie, Agatha. An Autobiography. Reprint edition. New York: William Morrow Paperbacks, 2012. Look Inside
  • Dever, Norma. “They Also Dug! Archaeologist’s Wives and Their Stories.” Near Eastern Archaeology 67, no. 3 (2004): 162–73. ProQuest
  • Hobbs, J.D. “Agatha’s Life.” No pages. LINK (popular account and not academic).
  • Lubelski, Amy. “Museums: In the Field with Agatha Christie.” Archaeology Archive 55, no. 2 (2002): 1. LINK
  • Mallowan, Agatha Christie, Come, Tell Me How You Live: An Archaeological Memoir. New York, N.Y.: Bantam Books, 1985. Look Inside
  • Morgan, Janet. Agatha Christie: A Biography. New York, N.Y.: Harper Collins, 1986.
  • Pepper, Tara. “Digging for Mysteries; Agatha Christie's Life as an Amateur Archeologist.” Newsweek 60 Dec 17, 2001. n.p. ProQuest.
  • Roaf, Michael. “Desert Digs of a Crime Queen: Agatha Christie and Archaeology - The Life of Max Mallowan - Nimrud.” At the Heart of the Higher Education Debate, March 8, 2002. LINK.
  • Trumpler, Charlotte. Agatha Christie and Archaeology. Reprint edition. London: British Museum Press, 2001. ISBN: 978-0714111483. The British Museum Exhibit

Back to the Index

Sir Charles Warren

On Charles Warren you can begin with the Palestine Exploration Fund (PEF) as this was where he worked. LINK The primary source material of the correspondence and articles of his travels are available at LINK and primary source documents at LINK. Most information on Charles Warren would be found in the history of Jerusalem or history of archaeology in a good Bible Dictionary or Encyclopedia LINK. Check out the list of articles on Warren's Gate and Tunnel LINK. Questions that you should answer in your paper include:

  1. Where did he take his training for archaeology?
  2. What was his specialty in archaeology?
  3. Where did he excavate?
  4. What famous people did he excavate with?
  5. What discoveries was he involved in? 
  6. What was the Biblical impact of his research?
Helpful Resources:

  • Avi-Yonah, Michael. “Warren, Sir Charles.” Edited by Fred Skolnik and Michael Berenbaum. Encyclopaedia Judaica. New York, N.Y.: MacMillan, December 12, 2006. 20:665-666. LINK.
  • Fagan, Brian. “Charles Warren.”  Archaeologists: Explorers of the Human Past (Oxford, U.K.: Oxford University Press, 2003). 61-64. Look Inside
  • “General Sir Charles Warren, G.C.M.G., K.C.B., F.R.S., R.E., 1840-1927.” The Palestine Exploration Fund, N/A. LINK.
  • Parry, Melanie, ed. “Warren, Sir Charles.” in  Chambers Biographical Dictionary. 6 Sub edition. New York, N.Y.: Chambers, 1997. LINK
  • Defender (pseud.). Sir Charles Warren and Spion Kop: A Vindication. London, U.K.: Smith, Elder, 1902. Chapter one is available here LINK.
  • C.F.C. “Obituary: General Sir Charles Warren, G., C., M., G., K., C., B., F., R., S.” The Geographical Journal Vol. 69, No 4 (April 1929): 382-383. JSTOR
  • Surridge, Keith. Warren, Sir Charles (1840-1927). Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press, 2004. LINK
  • Warren, Charles. “The Moabite Stone.” Palestine Exploration Fund: Quarterly Statement [PEFSt.] 1, no. 4 (1869): 169–82. LINK

The following are not found online but would be helpful if you can find them in your local library:

  • Fagan, Brian M. A Brief History of Archaeology: Classical Times to the Twenty-First Century. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall, 2004. ISBN: 978-0131776982.
  • Fagan, Brian M. Return to Babylon: Travelers, Archaeologists and Monuments in Mesopotamia. Boston, Mass.: Little, Brown & Co., 1979.
  • Fagan, Brian M. The Adventure of Archaeology. Washington, DC: National Geographic Society, 1985. ISBN: 978-0870448140.


Back to the Index

Edward Robinson

Information on Edward Robinson would be found in the history of Jerusalem or history of the geography of archaeology (i.e., by Brian Fagan) or in a good Bible Dictionary or Encyclopedia LINK. Questions that you should answer in your paper include:

  1. Where did he take his training for archaeology?
  2. What was his specialty in archaeology?
  3. Where did he excavate?
  4. What famous people did he excavate with?
  5. What discoveries was he involved in?
  6. What was the Biblical impact of his research?
Helpful Resources:

  • Abel, F. M. “Edward Robinson and the Identification of Biblical Sites.” Journal of Biblical Literature 58 no. 4 (1939): 365-72. JSTOR
  • Albrecht, Alt. “Edward Robinson and the historical geography of Palestine.” Journal of Biblical Literature 58 no. 4 (1939): 373-77. JSTOR
  • Baird, William. History of New Testament Research: From Jonathan Edwards to Rudolf Bultmann. Vol. 2.  Minneapolis, Minn.: Fortress, 2002. 2:28-31. Look Inside See Baird’s footnotes for more articles.
  • Brewer, Julius A. “Edward A. Robinson as Biblical Scholar.” Journal of Biblical Literature 58 no. 4 (1939): 355–63. JSTOR
  • Dearman, J. Andrew. “Edward Robinson: Scholar and Presbyterian Educator.” American Presbyterians: Journal of Presbyterian History 69 no. 3 (Fall 1991): 163–74. JSTOR
  • Dever, William G. Recent Archeological Discoveries and Biblical Research. Samuel and Althea Stroum Lectures in Jewish Studies. Washington, D.C.: University of Washington Press, 1989. Look Inside
  • Fisher, Milton C. “Edward Robinson (1794–1863).” Bible and Spade 2, no. 1 (1989): 2–3. LINK
  • Fagan, Brian M. A Brief History of Archaeology: Classical Times to the Twenty-First Century. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall, 2004. ISBN: 978-0131776982
  • Hitchcock, Roswell Dwight, and Henry Boynton Smith. The Life, Writings, and Character of Edward Robinson: Read Before the N. Y. Historical Society - Primary Source Edition. New York, N.Y.: A. D. F. Randolph, 1863. LINK to various formats including PDF.
  • King, Philip J. “BA Portrait: Edward Robinson: Biblical Scholar.” The Biblical Archaeologist 46, no. 4 (1983): 230–32. JSTOR
  • Long, Burke O. “Review of Jay G. Williams, The Times and Life of Edward Robinson: Connecticut Yankee in King Solomon’s Court, Society for Biblical Literature.” Review of Biblical Literature (1999): 486–88. PDF
  • Williams, Jay G. The Times and Life of Edward Robinson: Connecticut Yankee in King Solomon’s Court. Biblical Scholarship in North America 19. Atlanta, Ga.: Society of Biblical Literature, 1999.  ISBN: 978-0884140122

Back to the Index

Ehud Netzer

On Ehud Netzer be sure to deal with his work at Masada, Herodium, and Jericho and you will likely find material on his life in these places he worked. For more information look in a good Bible Dictionary or Encyclopedia LINK under the sites that he excavated. Questions that you should answer in your paper include:

  1. Where did he take his training for archaeology?
  2. What was his specialty in archaeology?
  3. Where did he excavate?
  4. What famous people did he excavate with?
  5. What discoveries was he involved in?
  6. How did he die?
Helpful Resources:

  • Burrell, Barbara. “Ehud Netzer.” Journal of Roman Archaeology 24 (2011): 922-27. PDF 
  • Burrell, Barbara, Gleason, Kathryn, and Netzer, Ehud. “Uncovering Herod’s Seaside Palace.”  Biblical Archaeology Review 19, no. 3 (1993): 50-52.  LINK
  • Jacobson, David M. “Ehud Netzer 1934-2010 Obituary.” Palestine Exploration Quarterly 143, no. 1  (2011): 6-7.  AN: 59144392
  • Netzer, Ehud. “A New Reconstruction of Paul’s Prison: Herod’s Antonia Fortress.” Biblical  Archaeology Review 35, no. 1 (2009): 44.  LINK
  • Netzer, Ehud. “In Search of Herod’s Tomb.” Biblical Archaeology Review 37, no. 1 (2011):  36. LINK
  • Netzer, Ehud, and Weiss, Zeev. “New Mosaic Art from Sepphoris.” Biblical Archaeology Review 18, no. 6 (1992): 36-43.  LINK
  • Netzer, Ehud. “Searching for Herod’s Tomb: Somewhere in the Desert Palace-Fortress at Herodium, Palestine’s Master Builder was Buried.” Biblical Archaeology Review 9,  no. 3 (1983): 30.
  • Netzer, Ehud. “The Last Days and Hours at Masada: Zealots Scavenged Roof Beams to Build Wall to Resist Attack by Roman Siege Machines. Biblical Archaeology Review 17, no. 6  (1991): 20-32. 
  • Shanks, Hershel. “Is It or Isn’t It – A Synagogue?” Biblical Archaeology Review 27, no. 6  (2001): 51. LINK
  • Shanks, Hershel. “Milestones: Ehud Netzer.” Biblical Archaeology Review 37, no. 1 (2011): 22. LINK
  • Singer, Suzanne F. “The Winter Palaces of Jericho.” Biblical Archaeology Review 3, no. 2 (1977): 1, 6-17. LINK
Back to the Index

Eilat Mazar

On Eilat Mazar you will want to examine her contributions to archaeology. Remember that this is a paper about her archaeology career and not the archaeological sites she has worked on.  For Mazar you might also try searching for some of the places she worked. Because her work is so recent you will not likely find anything in a Bible Dictionary or EncyclopediasQuestions that you should answer in your paper include:
  1. Who was her father?
  2. Where did she take her training for archaeology?
  3. What was her specialty in archaeology?
  4. Where did she excavate?
  5. What famous people did she excavate with?
  6. What discoveries was she involved in?
  7. What was the controversy over her proposed discovery of the Palace of David?
  8. What was the Biblical impact of her research?
Finding enough information might be a challenge but this will get you started:
Helpful Resources:

  • Faust, Avraham. “Did Eilat Mazar Find David’s Palace?” Biblical Archaeology Review 38, no. 5 (2012): 47–52, 70. LINK
  • Grisanti  Michael A.  “Recent Archaeological Discoveries That Lend Credence to the Historicity Of The Scriptures.” Journal of Evangelical Theological Society 56/3 (2013): 475–97. PDF
  • Mazar, Eilat. Did I Find King David's Palace? Biblical Archaeology Review 32, no.1 (January/February 2006): 16–27, 70. LINK
  • Mazar, Eilat. The Phoenician Family Tomb N.1 at the Northern Cemetery of Achziv (10th-6th Centuries BCE). Sam Turner Expedition. Final Report of the Excavations (Cuadernos de Arquelogia Mediterranea 10), Barcelona 2004.
  • Mazar, Eilat. The Phoenicians in Achziv, The Southern Cemetery. Jerome L. Joss Expedition. Final Report of Excavations 1988-1990 (Cuadernos de Arquelogia Mediterranea 7), Barcelona 2003.
  • Mazar, Eilat. The Temple Mount Excavations in Jerusalem 1968–1978 Directed by Benjamin Mazar Final Reports Vol. II: The Byzantine and Early Islamic Periods. Qedem Monographs of the Institute of Archaeology 43. Jerusalem: Institute of Archaeology, Hebrew University of Jerusalem 2003.
  • Mazar, Eilat. The Complete Guide to the Temple Mount Excavations. Jerusalem: Shoham Academic Research and Publication, 2002). ISBN 9659029918. LOOK INSIDE
  • Mazar, Eilat. The Monastery of the Virgins - Byzantine Period - Temple Mount Excavations in Jerusalem. Institute of Archaeology, Hebrew University of Jerusalem,1999.
  • Mazar, Eilat and Benjamin Mazar. Excavations in the South of the Temple Mount: The Ophel of Biblical Jerusalem. Qedem Monographs of the Institute of Archaeology 29. Jerusalem: Hebrew University of Jerusalem, 1989.
  • Rainey, Anson F. “Review of Mazar and Mazar, ‘Excavations in the South of the Temple Mount.’” The Jewish Quarterly Review 84, no. 1 (1993): 109–11. LINK.
Back to the Index

Sir William Matthew Flinders Petrie

Information on Sir Flinders Petrie can be found in the history of Jerusalem or history of the geography of archaeology (i.e., by Brian Fagan) or in a good Bible Dictionary or Encyclopedia LINK. Questions that you should answer in your paper include:
  1. What was he most famous for?
  2. Where did he take his training for archaeology?
  3. What was his specialty in archaeology?
  4. Where did he excavate?
  5. What famous people did he excavate with?
  6. What discoveries was he involved in?
  7. What was the Biblical impact of his research?
Helpful Resources:
  • “Stelae and Reliefs of Pharaoh Merneptah, 1207 BCE.” The Center for Online Judaic Studies. October 10, 2013. LINK.
  • “The Petrie Project.” Glyptotek. NY Carlsberg. October 11, 2013. LINK.
  • “Sir William M. Flinders Petrie, 1853-1942.” The Palestine Exploration Fund. October 3, 2013. LINK.
  • “Sir William Matthew Flinders Petrie (1853-1942).” The British Museum. October 3, 2013. LINK.
  • Byrnes, Andrea. “Documentary Review: The Man Who Discovered Egypt. 28th March 2012.” Egyptological (April 3, 2012). LINK.
  • Drower, Margaret. S. Flinders Petrie: A Life in Archaeology. 2nd ed. Madison, Wis.: University of Wisconsin Press, 1995. LINK.
  • Fagan, Brian. “Flinders Petrie.” Pages 78-81 in Archaeologists: Explorers of the Human Past. Oxford Profiles. Oxford, U.K.: Oxford University Press, 2003. Look Inside
  • Fargo, Valerie M. “BA Portrait: Sir Flinders Petrie.” The Biblical Archaeologist 47, no. 4 (Dec. 1984): 220-23. JSTOR .
  • Levy, Thomas E. “Archaeology and the Bible.” In Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible, edited by David Noel Freedman, Allen C. Myers, and Astrid B. Beck, 88–95. Grand Rapids, Mich.: Eerdmans, 2000.
  • Parsons, Marie. “Egypt: William Flinders Petrie, Father of Pots.” Tour Egypt. LINK.
  • Petrie, William Matthew Flinders. Tell el Armana. London, England: Methuen & Co., 1894. Look Inside
  • Petrie, W. M. Flinders. “Extracts from Researches in Sinai.” Serendipity. October 11, 2013. LINK.
  • Petrie, W. M. Flinders. The Religion Of Ancient Of Egypt. London, England: Archibald Constable & Co Ltd, 1906. LINK.
  • Poole, Gray. “Sir Flinders Petrie.” In Encyclopædia Britannica Online. Chisholm Hugh,  ed. 11th ed. Cambridge, U.K.: Cambridge University Press, 1911. LINK.
  • Sheppard, Kathleen L. “Flinders Petrie and Eugenics at UCL.” Bulletin of the History of Archaeology 20, no. 1 (May 16, 2010): 16-29. LINK
  • Smith, Sidney. “William Matthew Flinders Petrie.” Obituary Notices of Fellows of the Royal Society 5, no. 14 (Nov. 1945): 3-16. JSTOR
  • Stinespring, W. F. “Flinders Petrie: 1853-1942.” The Biblical Archaeologist 5, no. 3 (September 1942): 33-36. JSTOR .
  • Uphill, Eric P. “A Bibliography of Sir Williams Matthew Flinders Petrie (1853-1942).” Journal of Near Eastern Studies 31, no. 4 (Oct. 1972): 356-79. JSTOR.
The following are not found online but would be helpful if you can find them in your local library:
  • Fagan, Brian M. A Brief History of Archaeology: Classical Times to the Twenty-First Century. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall, 2004. ISBN: 978-0131776982.
  • Fagan, Brian M. Return to Babylon: Travelers, Archaeologists and Monuments in Mesopotamia. Boston, Mass.: Little, Brown & Co., 1979.
  • Fagan, Brian M. The Adventure of Archaeology. Washington, DC: National Geographic Society, 1985. ISBN: 978-0870448140.
Back to the Index

Sir Henry Layard

Information on Henry Layard can be found in the history of Nineveh or history of archaeology (i.e., Brian Fagan). For more information look in a good Bible Dictionary or Encyclopedia LINK under the sites that he excavated. Questions that you should answer in your paper include:
  1. What was he most famous for?
  2. Where did he take his training for archaeology?
  3. What was his specialty in archaeology?
  4. Where did he excavate?
  5. What famous people did he excavate with?
  6. What discoveries was he involved in? 
  7. What was the Biblical impact of his research?
Helpful Resources:
  • “Layard, Austen Henry, Sir.” Dictionary of Art Historians. LINK
  • “Layard, Austen Henry.” Encyclopedia Iranica. LINK.
  • Layard, Austen Henry. The Illustrated Review : A Fortnightly Journal of Literature, Science and Art 5, no. 65 (03, 1873): 294-302. LINK
  • Austen Henry Layard and the Rediscovery of Assyria. Odyssey Adventures in Archaeology. May 2, 2011. LINK
  • Bohrer, Frederick N. “Layard, Austen Henry.” In OEANE, edited by Eric M. Meyers, 3:n.p. Oxford, U.K.: Oxford Biblical Studies Online, 1997. PermaLink . LINK
  • Chisholm, Hugh, ed. “Sir Austen Henry Layard.” In Encyclopædia Britannica, 11th ed. Cambridge, U.K.: Cambridge University Press, 1911. LINK
  • Fagan, Brian M. “Austen Layard.” Pages 51-54 in Archaeologists: Explorers of the Human Past. Oxford Profiles. Oxford, U.K.: Oxford University Press, 2003. Look Inside
  • Fagan, Brian M. Layard, Austen Henry. Page 387 in The Oxford Companion to Archaeology. Fagan, Brian M., and Charlotte Beck, eds. Oxford, U.K.: Oxford University Press, 1996. Google Books Preview
  • Fisher, Milton C. “Sir Austen Henry Layard [1817 - 1894].” Bible and Spade 1, no. 4 (Autumn 1988): 3-4. LINK
  • Goldsmid, Frederic J. Obituary: The Right Honourable Sir Henry Austen Layard, G. C. B. The Geographical Journal 4, no. 4 (1894): 370-373. JSTOR
  • Jay, Mel. Henry Layard - Famous Archaeologist - Excavator of Assyrian Nineveh.  Mel Jay Blog. August 31, 2013. LINK
  • Larsen, Mogens T. The Conquest of Assyria. New York, N.Y.: Routledge. 1996. Look Inside. The best modern account of Henry Layard.
  • Parry, Jonathan. Layard, Sir Austen Henry (1817–1894). Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Oxford, U.K.: Oxford University Press, 2004. LINK
  • Layard, Austen Henry. Nineveh and Its Remains: A Narrative of an Expedition to Assyria During the Years 1845, 1846 and 1847. London, U.K.: J. Murray, 1867. Google Preview
  • Layard, Austen Henry. The Monuments of Nineveh: From Drawings Made on the Spot. Piscataway, N.J.: Gorgias, 2004. Reprint of his original 2 volumnes. Google Preview
  • Layard, Henry A. Nineveh and its Remains. The Southern Quarterly Review 16, no. 31 (1849): 1-31. LINK

The following are not found online but would be helpful if you can find them in your local library:

  • Brackman, Arnold C. The Luck of Nineveh: Archaeology's Great Adventure. New York: McGraw-Hill Book Company, 1978. ISBN 0-07-007030-X.
  • Fagan, Brian M. A Brief History of Archaeology: Classical Times to the Twenty-First Century. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall, 2004. ISBN: 978-0131776982
  • Fagan, Brian M. Return to Babylon: Travelers, Archaeologists and Monuments in Mesopotamia. Boston, Mass.: Little, Brown & Co., 1979.
  • Fagan, Brian M. The Adventure of Archaeology. Washington, DC: National Geographic Society, 1985. ISBN: 978-0870448140.
  • Kubie, Nora Benjamin. Road to Ninevah: the adventures and excavations of Sir Austen Henry Layard New York, N.Y.: DoubleDay, 1965.
  • Lomax, Alfred E. Sir Henry Layard: His Adventures and Discoveries. Splendid Lives Series. New York: Whittaker, 1894.
  • Lloyd, Seton. Foundations in the Dust: The Story of Mesopotamian Exploration. London; New York: Thames & Hudson, 1981 (hardcover, ISBN 0-500-05038-4).
  • Maier, Paul L. “Archaeology—Biblical Ally or Adversary.” Bible and Spade 17, no. 3 (2004): 91.
  • Waterfield, Gordon. Layard of Nineveh. London: John Murray, 1963. ISBN:  978-1127492886.

Back to the Index


Sir Henry Rawlinson

Information on Henry Rawlinson can be found in the history of archaeology and in a good Bible Dictionary or Encyclopedia LINK under the sites that he excavated. Questions that you should answer in your paper include:
  1. What is Rawlinson's relationship to the Behistun Inscription?
  2. What was influence on cuneiform writing (especially the tablets from Nimrud and Nineveh)?
  3. Where did he take his training for archaeology?
  4. What was his specialty in archaeology?
  5. Where did he excavate?
  6. What famous people did he excavate with?
  7. What discoveries was he involved in?
  8. What was the Biblical impact of his research?
Helpful Resources:
  • Adkins, Lesley. Empires of the Plain: Henry Rawlinson and the Lost Languages of Babylon. New York, N.Y.: Harper Perennial, 2012. Look Inside
  • Chisholm, Hugh, ed. “Sir Henry Creswicke Rawlinson.” In Encyclopædia Britannica. 11th ed. Cambridge, U.K.: Cambridge University Press, 1911. LINK.
  • Couture, Philip G.  “'BA' Portrait: Sir Henry Creswicke Rawlinson: Pioneer Cuneiformist. The Biblical Archaeologist 47, No. 3, (Sep., 1984): 143-45. JSTOR
  • Fagan, Brian. “Henry Rawlinson.” Pages 55-57 in Archaeologists: Explorers of the Human Past. Oxford Profiles. Oxford, U.K.: Oxford University Press, 2003. Look Inside
  • Fisher, Milton C. “Who’s Who In Archaeology? Sir Henry Creswicke Rawlinson.” Bible and Spade 1, no. 4 (Autumn 1988): 6-8. LINK
  • Goldsmid, Frederic J. “Obituary: Major-General Sir Henry Creswicke Rawlinson, Bart., G. C. B., etc.” The Geographical Journal 5, No. 5 (May, 1895): 490-497. JSTOR
  • Meyer, Karl Ernest; Brysac, Shareen Blair. Tournament of Shadows: The Great Game And the Race for Empire in Central Asia. New York: Counterpoint, 1999. Look Inside
  • Rawlinson, George. A Memoir of Major-General Sir Henry Creswicke Rawlinson. London, U.K.: Longmans, Green & Co. 1898. LINK to several format including PDF.

The following are not found online but would be helpful if you can find them in your local library:

  • Fagan, Brian M. A Brief History of Archaeology: Classical Times to the Twenty-First Century. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall, 2004. ISBN: 978-0131776982.
  • Fagan, Brian M. Return to Babylon: Travelers, Archaeologists and Monuments in Mesopotamia. Boston, Mass.: Little, Brown & Co., 1979.
  • Fagan, Brian M. The Adventure of Archaeology. Washington, DC: National Geographic Society, 1985. ISBN: 978-0870448140.

Back to the Index

Dame Kathleen Kenyan

Kenyon's excavation reports were not published until after her death and so scholars did not have the opportunity to examine her research until after she died (See the Wood controversy). However, there is more to the site of Jericho than the debate between Kenyon and Wood. Certainly you will find lot of information under Jericho related to Kenyon, but this is not a paper about the site of Jericho, so remain focused on the task. Information on Kenyon can be found in the history of archaeology and in a good Bible Dictionary or Encyclopedia LINK under the sites that she excavated. Questions that you should answer in your paper include:

  1. What was the controversy surrounding the location of Jericho between Dr. Bryant Wood and Kathleen Kenyan?
  2. What was her specialty in archaeology?
  3. Where did she excavate besides Jericho?
  4. What is the Wheeler-Kenyon Method?
  5. What discoveries was she involved in?
  6. What was the Biblical impact of her research?
Helpful Online Resources:
  • “Dame Kathleen Mary Kenyon, 1906-1978.” The Palestine Exploration Fund (2012): n.p. LINK.
  • Broshi, Magen. “Archaeology, Dogs and Gin: Review of  Dame Kathleen Kenyon, Digging Up the Holy Land.” Bible History Daily: Biblical Archaeology Society, March 21, 2012. LINK.
  • Callaway, Joseph A. “Dame Kathleen Kenyon, 1906 -1978.” The Biblical Archaeologist 42, no. 2 (1979): 122–25. JSTOR
  • Callaway, Joseph A. “Kathleen Kenyon 1906–1978.” Biblical Archaeology Review 4, no. 4 (1978): 122-25. LINK.
  • Chisholm, Hugh, ed. “Dame Kathleen Kenyon.” in  Encyclopædia Britannica. 11th ed. 32 vols. Cambridge, U.K.: Cambridge University Press, 1911. LINK.
  • Davis, Miriam C. Dame Kathleen Kenyon: Digging Up the Holy Land. Wallnut Creek, CA: Left Coast, 2008. LINK.
  • Dever, William G. “Kathleen Kenyon (1906-1978): Tribute.” Bulletin of the American Schools of Oriental Research 232 (1978): 3–4. JSTOR 
  • Dever, William G. “Kathleen Kenyon (1906-1978)." Pages 525–53 in Breaking Ground: Pioneering Women Archaeologists. Edited by G. M. Cohen and M. S. Joukowsky. Ann Arbor, Mich., University of Michigan Press, 2004. Google Books
  • Díaz-Andreu, Magarita and Marie Louise Stig Sørensen, eds. Excavating Women: a History of Women in European Archaeology. London: Routledge, 2013. Google Preview and  Amazon Look Inside
  • Fagan, Brian. “Kathleen Kenyon.” Pages 140-44 in Archaeologists: Explorers of the Human Past. Oxford Profiles. Oxford, U.K.: Oxford University Press, 2003. Look Inside
  • Gibson, Shimon, and Michael Avi-Yonah. “Kenyon, Dame Kathleen Mary.” Edited by Fred Skolnik and Michael Berenbaum. Vol 12 Encyclopaedia Judaica. 22 Vols. New York, N.Y.: MacMillan, 2006. LINK
  • Grisanti  Michael A.  “Recent Archaeological Discoveries That Lend Credence to the Historicity Of The Scriptures.” Journal of Evangelical Theological Society 56 no. 3 (2013): 475–97. PDF
  • Moorey, P.R.S.”Kathleen Kenyon and Palestinian Archaeology,” Palestine Exploration Quarterly 111 (1979), 3–10. ProQuest
  • Murray, Tim, ed. “Kenyon, Kathleen Mary.” in Encyclopedia of Archaeology: History and Discoveries. 3 vols. Santa Barbara, CA: ABC-CLIO, 2001. LINK
  • Parry, Melanie, ed. “Kenyon, Dame Kathleen Mary.” in  Chambers Biographical Dictionary. 6 Sub edition. New York, N.Y.: Chambers, 1997. LINK
  • Prag, Kay. “Kathleen Kenyon and Archaeology in the Holy Land.” Palestine Exploration Quarterly  124, no. 2 (1992), 109-23. ProQuest
  • Scheller, William. Kathleen Kenyon: The Biblical City of Jericho. Pages 129-42 in Amazing Archaeologists and Their Finds. Minneapolis, Minn.: Oliver Press Inc, 1994. Google Preview

If you can find these works in your public library they would helpful:

  • Davies, G. I. “British Archaeologists.” In Benchmarks in Time and Culture: An Introduction to Palestinian Archaeology, edited by Joel F. Drinkard, Gerald L. Mattingly, and J. Maxwell Miller. ASOR/SBL Archaeology And Biblical Studies. Atlanta, Ga.: Scholars Press, 1988, 37–62.
  • Kenrick, Philip M. (1986), Excavations at Sabratha, 1948-1951: A Report on the Excavations conducted by Kathleen Kenyon and John Ward-Perkins, Journal of Roman Studies Monographs 2, London: Society for the Promotion of Roman Studies, 1986.
  • Kenyon, Kathleen M. Archaeology in the Holy Land. 4th ed. London: Ernest Benn Ltd, 1979.
  • Lönnqvist, Minna (2008) “Kathleen M. Kenyon 1906-1978, A hundred years after her birth,The formative years of a female archaeologist: From socio-politics to the stratigraphical method and the radiocarbon revolution in archaeology,” in Proceedings of the 5th International Congress on the Archaeology of the Ancient Near East, Madrid, April 3–8, 2006, ed. by Joaquín Mª Córdoba, Miquel Molist, Mª Carmen Pérez, Isabel Rubio, Sergio Martínez, UAM Ediciones: Madrid 2008, Vol. II, pp. 379–414.
  • Moorey P.R.S. and P.J. Parr (eds.), Archaeology in the Levant: Essays for Kathleen Kenyon 1985.
  • Nash, Kathleen S. “Kenyon, Kathleen.” Encyclopedia of Religion. Ed. Lindsay Jones. 2nd ed. Vol. 8. Detroit: Macmillan Reference USA, 2005. 5110-5111.
  • Prag, Kay. Excavations by K. M. Kenyon in Jerusalem 1961-1967: Discoveries in Hellenistic to Ottoman Jerusalem. Vol. 5. Levant Supplementary 7. Oxford: Council for British Research in the Levant, 2008.
  • Prag, Kay. “Kenyon’s Jerusalem Excavation Reports,” in On Scrolls, Artefacts, and Intellectual Property, ed. Timothy H. Lim, Hector L. MacQueen, and Calum M. Carmichael. Journal for the Study of the Pseudepigrapha Supplement 38. Sheffield, England: Sheffield Academic Press, 2001.
  • Steiner, Margarete L. Excavations by Kathleen M. Kenyon in Jerusalem 1961-1967: The Settlement in the Bronze and Iron Ages. Vol. 3. Copenhagen International Seminars. London, U.K.: Sheffield Academic, 2001.
  • Thompson, Henry O. Biblical Archaeology: the World, the Mediterranean, the Bible. New York: Paragon House, 1987.

Back to the Index

T. E. Lawrence (of Arabia)

On T. E. Lawrence there will be a lot of information about his life that is not pertinent to this paper. You will want to concentrate on his early years when he was involved in archaeology work. We are not interested in his later military life, so do not write a biography about his entire life. See the T. E. Lawrence Studies Website. by Jeremy Wilson. Many of his works are available here online although the site is still under some construction LINK. For more information look in a good Bible Dictionary or Encyclopedia LINK under the sites that he excavated. Questions that you should answer in your paper include:

  1. Where did he take his training?
  2. When was he involved in archaeology work?
  3. Where did he excavate?
  4. What are some of his important finds?
  5. Who were the famous people he excavate with?
  6. What discoveries did he make or was involved in?
  7. What was his specialty?

Available Sources:

  • Anderson, Scott. Lawrence in Arabia: War, Deceit, Imperial Folly and the Making of the Modern Middle East. New York, N.Y.: Doubleday, 2014. Look Inside
  • Kaeppel , C. "Lawrence of Arabia." The Australian Quarterly  8, No. 29 (Mar., 1936): 63 of 63-67. JSTOR
  • Korda, Michael. Hero: The Life and Legend of Lawrence of Arabia. New York, N.Y.: Harper Collins, 2010. Look Inside
  • Lawrence, T. E. The Letters of T. E. Lawrence. ed. David Garnett. London: Cape, 1938.
  • Meyers, Jeffrey. The Wounded Spirit: A Study of “Seven Pillars of Wisdom.” London: Martin Brian & O’Keeffe, 1973.
  • Moorey, Peter. R. S. “Cemeteries of the First Millennium B.C. at Deve Hüyük, near Carchemish, Salvaged by T. E. Lawrence and C. L. Woolley in 1913,” British Archaeological Reports International series 87 (1980), 3–4.
  • Pringle, Denys. Introduction to Lawrence, Crusader Castles. Oxford: Clarendon, 1988.
  • Stewart , Desmond. T. E. Lawrence: A New Biography. New York : Harper and Row Publishers Inc., 1977.
  • Tabachnick, Stephen Ely. and Christopher Matheson, Images of Lawrence. London: Cape, 1988.
  • Tabachnick, Stephen Ely. “Lawrence of Arabia as Archaeologist.” Biblical Archaeology Review 23, no. 5 (1997): 40–47, 70–71. LINK
  • Tabachnick, Stephen Ely. Lawrence of Arabia: An Encyclopedia. Westport, CT: Greenwood, 2004.
  • Thomas, Lowell. With Lawrence in Arabia. New York, N.Y.: Garden City Publishing Company, 1924. PDF or Look Inside
  • Wilson, Jeremy. Lawrence of Arabia: The Authorized Biography of T.E. Lawrence. New York: Atheneum, 1990.
  • Woolley, C. Leonard and T. E. Lawrence. The Wilderness of Zin. London: Palestine Exploration Fund, 1915.
  • Woolley, C. Leonard, “The Desert of the Wanderings,” Palestine Exploration Fund Quarterly Statement  46, no. 2 (1914), pp. 58–66. Physical Copy
  • Woolley, C. Leonard, Lawrence and P. L. O. Guy. Carchemish: Report on the Excavations at Djerabis on Behalf of the British Museum, 3 vols. London: British Museum, 1914, 1921, 1952.

Back to the Index

Sir Leonard Woolley

On Leonard Woolley there will be a lot of information about his life to work through. For more information look in a good Bible Dictionary or Encyclopedia LINK under the sites (i.e., Ur) that he excavated. The best source of information will be in his biographies. Questions that you should answer in your paper include:

  1. Where did he take his training?
  2. What was his specialty in School?
  3. Where did he excavate?
  4. What famous people did he excavate with?
  5. What discoveries was he involved in
  6. How did he use the Bible to promote archaeology?

Available Sources:

  • Fagan, Brian. “Leonard Woolley.” Pages 117-120 in Archaeologists: Explorers of the Human Past. Oxford Profiles. Oxford, U.K.: Oxford University Press, 2003). Look Inside
  • Brereton, Gareth. “Ur of the Chaldees. A Virtual Vision of Woolley’s Excavations at Ur.” The Ancient Near East Today 2, no. 8 (August 15, 2014): n.p. LINK
  • Hafford, W. B. "Legacy Excavations and Linked Open Data: A Virtual Vision of Sir Leonard Woolley’s Ur," American School for Oriental Research Blog, June 19, 2013. LINK .
  • Luby, Edward M. “Backward Glance: The Ur-Archaeologist: Leonard Woolley and the Treasures of Mesopotamia,” Biblical Archaeology Review 23 No. 2 (1997). BAR
  • Mallowan, Max E. L. “Sir Leonard Woolley.” Expedition (Fall 1960): 25-28. PDF. Mallowan worked with Woolley at Ur so has first hand information.
  • Mason, Doug. C. Leonard Woolley -- Meticulous and Professional. News Sentinel Knoxville, Tenn. 31 Jan 1999. ProQuest
  • Woolley, C. Leonard, and E. A. Speiser. Excavations at Ur: The Pottery of Tell Billa. London: Museum, 1933.
  • Woolley, C. Leonard, and E. A. Speiser. Excavations at Ur
  • Woolley, C. Leonard, and M. E. L. Mallowan. Ur Excavations: Ur Cemetery 9 vols. Oxford, U.K.: Oxford University Press, 1927. PDF
  • Woolley, C. Leonard, and P. R. S. Moorey. Ur “of the Chaldees.” Revised and Updated. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1982.
  • Woolley, C. Leonard. “Excavations at Tell El-Amarna.” Journal of Egyptian Archaeology 8 (Apr., 1922): 48-82. JSTOR
  • _____. “Second Ordinary Meeting - ‘Excavations at Ur’.” Journal of the Royal Society of Arts 82, no. 4227 (Nov 24, 1933): 46 - 59. JSTOR
  • _____. “The Royal Tombs of Ur.” Antiquity 2, no. 7 (Jan 1, 1928): 7-24. ProQuest
  • _____. Ur Excavations: The Royal Cemetery. Vol. 2 London, UK: The Trustees of the Two Museums, 1934. PDF
  • _____. Guide to the Archaeological Museum of the American University of Beirut (classic Reprint). Forgotten Books, 2012. PDF
  • _____. Ur of the Chaldees; A Record of Seven Years of Excavation. New York, N.Y.: C. Scribner’s sons, 1930. PDF
  • _____. A Forgotten Kingdom. Being a Record of the Results Obtained from the Excavation of Two Mounds Atchana and Al Mina, in the Turkish Hatay. Baltimore: Penguin Books, 1953. PDF
  • Winstone, H. V. F. Woolley of Ur: The Life of Sir Leonard Woolley. London, U.K.: Heinemann, 1992.


Back to the Index

Nelson Glueck

On your Biographical Paper on Nelson Glueck, you will find him to be a very interesting individual and significant for many reasons however, finding information may be difficult. The main biography is Jonathan M. Brown and Laurence Kutler. Nelson Glueck: Biblical Archaeologist And President of the Hebrew Union College-Jewish Institute of Religion. Jerusalem: Hebrew Union College Press, 2005. You will find some information associated with this organization American School of Oriental Research (known as ASOR) of which he was associated. For more information look in a good Bible Dictionary or Encyclopedia LINK under the sites that he excavated. Questions that you should answer in your paper include:

  1. Where did he take his training?
  2. Where did he excavate?
  3. What are some of his important finds?
  4. Who did he excavate with?
  5. What discoveries did he make or was involved in?
  6. What was his specialty?
  7. What was the Biblical impact of his research?

Available Sources:

  • “Archaeology: The Shards of History.” Time 82, no. 24 (December 13, 1963): 60. (Cover Story: Archaeologist Nelson Glueck ) EBSCO
  • “Our Founder: Nelson Glueck.” The Nelson Glueck School of Biblical Archaeology. LINK.
  • Albright, William F.  Nelson Glueck in Memoriam. Bulletin of the American Schools of Oriental Research  202 (Apr., 1971): 1-6. JSTOR
  • Blank, Sheldon H. & Ginsberg, H.L. “Necrology: Nelson Glueck (1900-1971). Proceedings of the American Academy for Jewish Research 40, (1972): xix-xxi. JSTOR
  • Brown, Jonathan M. Nelson Glueck: Biblical Archaeologist And President of the Hebrew Union College Jewish Institute of Religion. Detroit, Mich: Hebrew Union College Press, 2006.
  • Davis, Thomas W. Faith and Archaeology—A Brief History to the Present. Biblical Archaeology Review 19, No. 2 (March/April 1993): 54-57. BAR
  • Fierman, Floyd S. Rabbi Nelson Glueck: An Archaeologist’s Secret Life in the Service of the OSS. Biblical Archaeology Review 12:05 (Sep/Oct 1986): 18-22. BAR
  • Glueck, Nelson, Rivers in the Desert: A History of the Negev. New York, N.Y.: Farrar, Straus and Cudahy, 1959. PDF
  • ______. “Ezion-Geber.” The Biblical Archaeologist, 28, no. 3 (1965): 71-73. JSTOR
  • ______. “Ezion Geber: Solomon’s Naval Base on the Red Sea.” The Biblical Archaeologist 1, no. 3 (1938): 13-16. JSTOR
  • ______. “The Archaeological History of the Negev.” Hebrew Union College Annual 32 (1961): 14-15. PDF
  • ______. “The Nabataean Temple of Khirbet et-Tannûr.” Bulletin of the American Schools of Oriental Research 67 (1937): 6-8. JSTOR
  • ______. The Other Side of the Jordan. New Orleans, Conn: American Schools of Oriental Research, 1940.
  • Lance, H. Darrell. “Nelson Glueck: In Memoriam.” Bulletin of the American Schools of Oriental Research 203 (Oct,1971): 3-4. JSTOR.
  • Philip J. King, “American Schools of Oriental Research, History of the,” ed. David Noel Freedman et al., Anchor Bible Dictionary (New York, N.Y.: Doubleday, 1996), 1:186.
  • Pratico, Gary Davis, and Robert A. DiVito. Nelson Glueck’s 1938-1940 Excavations at Tell El-Kheleifeh: A Reappraisal. Atlanta, Ga.: Scholars Press, 1993. LINK .
  • Seger, Joe D. “Nelson Glueck: Biblical Archaeologist and President of Hebrew Union College-Jewish Institute of Religion.” Near-Eastern Archaeology 74, no. 1 (2011): 62. LINK
  • Sherrard, Brooke. American Biblical Archaeology and Jewish Nationalism: Rabbi Nelson Glueck, the American Schools of Oriental Research and the Israeli State. Holy Land Studies: A Multidisciplinary Journal 11 no. 2, (Nov 2012): 151-174. LINK
  • Wright, G. Ernest. “The Achievement of Nelson Glueck.” The Biblical Archaeologist 22, no. 4 (1959): 98-99. JSTOR

Back to the Index

Roland Guérin de Vaux

For more information on Roland de Vaux look in a good Bible Dictionary or Encyclopedia LINK under the sites that he excavated. Questions that you should answer in your paper include:

  1. Where did he take his training?
  2. Where did he excavate?
  3. What are some of his important finds?
  4. What role did he play in the discovery of the Dead Sea Scrolls?
  5. Who did he excavate with?
  6. What discoveries did he make or was involved in?
  7. What was his specialty?
  8. What was the Biblical impact of his research?

Available Sources:

  • Briend, Jacques. Roland de Vaux, in The Encyclopaedia of the Dead Sea Scrolls, ed. Lawrence Schiffman and James VanderKam, Vol. 2 Oxford, 2000, p. 202-204. Look Inside
  • Collins, T A. "Vaux, Roland de, 1903-1971." Catholic Biblical Quarterly 33, no. 4 (October 1, 1971): 547-548. ATLA Religion Database with ATLASerials, EBSCOhost
  • Strugnell, John. In Memoriam: Roland Guérin de Vaux, O. P. Bulletin of the American Schools of Oriental Research 207 (Oct., 1972): 1+3-5. JSTOR
  • Trstensky, Frantisek. The Archaeological Site of Qumran and the Personality of Roland De Vaux. The American Journal of Biblical Theology 9 no. 34 (2008), 1-11. PDF
  • Vaux, Roland de. Ancient Israel: Its Life and Instructions. Biblical Resource. Grand Rapids, Mich.: Eerdmans, 1997. Look Inside
  • Vaux, Roland de. The Bible and the Ancient Near East. Revised Edition edition. New York, N.Y.: W. W. Norton & Company, 1998. Look Inside
  • Vaux, Roland de. Archaeology and the Dead Sea Scrolls. Schweich Lectures of the British Academy, 1959. Oxford, U.K.: Oxford University Press, 1973. PDF

Back to the Index

Ronny Reich

For information on Ronny Reich look in a good Bible Dictionary or Encyclopedia LINK under the sites that he excavated. Questions that you should answer in your paper include:

  1. Where did he take his training?
  2. Where did he excavate?
  3. What are some of his important finds?
  4. What role did he play in the discovery of the Dead Sea Scrolls?
  5. Who did he excavate with?
  6. What discoveries did he make or was involved in?
  7. What was his specialty?
  8. What was the Biblical impact of his research?

Available Sources:

  • Hasson, Nir. “In Jerusalem’s City of David Excavation, Politics is never Absent.” Haaretz, LINK.
  • Shanks, Hershel. “From Bronze Age Towers to Byzantine Homes: Reich Receives Jerusalem Prize.” Biblical Archaeology Review 26, no. 4 (Jul, 2000): 14-15. BAR.
  • Reich, Ronny. “Department of Archeology.” Haifa University Department of Archaeology. 2013. LINK.
  • Reich, Ronny. City of David, Ancient Jerusalem. 2013. LINK .
  • Reich, Ronny, and Eli Shukron. “Light at the End of the Tunnel: Warren’s Shaft Theory of David’s Conquest Shattered.” Biblical Archaeology Review 25, no. 1 (January 1999): 22-33, 72-74. BAR.
  • Reich, Ronny, Eli Shukron, and Omri Lernau. “Recent Discoveries in the City of David, Jerusalem.” Israel Exploration Journal 57, no. 2 (2007): 153-169. JSTOR.
  • Reich, Ronny. “Archaeological Evidence of the Jewish Population at Hasmonean Gezer.” Israel Exploration Journal 31, no. 1/2 (1981): 48-62. JSTOR.
  • Reich, Ronny. “They Are Ritual Baths: Immerse Yourself in the Ongoing Sepphoris Mikveh Debate.” Biblical Archaeology Review 28, no. 2 (March 2002). BAR
  • Reich, Ronny. Excavating the City of David: Where Jerusalem's History Began. Jerusalem: Israel Exploration Society, 2011.


Back to the Index


William Foxwell Albright

For Albright you will have a lot of material to sort through so pick your sources wisely. The standard biography is Leona Glidden Running, William Foxwell Albright: A Twentieth Century Genius. London, U.K.: Morgan, 1975 but it is not available online. For information on Albright look in a good Bible Dictionary or Encyclopedia LINK under the sites that he excavated. The many obituaries listed below can be helpful, as there were many who knew him.

Questions that you should answer in your paper include:
  1. Where did he take his training?
  2. Where did he excavate?
  3. What are some of his important finds?
  4. What role did he play in the discovery of the Dead Sea Scrolls?
  5. Who did he excavate with?
  6. What discoveries did he make or was involved in?
  7. What was his specialty?
  8. What was the Biblical impact of his research?

Available Sources:

  • Albright, William Foxwell. “Archaeological Discovery and the Scriptures.” Christianity Today 12, no. 19 (June 21, 1968): 3–5.
  • _____. “From the Patriarchs to Moses. 1. From Abraham to Joseph.” The Biblical Archaeologist 36 (1973): 5–33. JSTOR
  • _____. “The Jordan Valley in the Bronze Age.” Annual of the American Schools of Oriental Research 6 (1925 1924): 13–74. JSTOR
  • _____. From the Stone Age to Christianity: Monotheism and the Historical Process. La Vergne, TN: Lightning Source, 2008. PDF
  • _____. The Archaeology of Palestine. London: Taylor & Francis, 1956.
  • _____. The Biblical Period from Abraham to Ezra: An Historical Survey. New York, NY: Harper & Row, 1963.
  • _____. Yahweh and the Gods of Canaan: A Historical Analysis of Two Contrasting Faiths. Winona Lake, IN: Eisenbrauns, 1968. Google Books Preview
  • _____. “The Excavation at Tel El-Ful.” Bulletin of the American Schools of Oriental Research 7 (Oct., 1922), 7-8. JSTOR
  • _____. “The Excavation of Tell Beit Mirsim. Vol. II: The Bronze Age.” The Annual of the American Schools of Oriental Research 17 (January 1, 1936): xi–141. JSTOR
  • _____. “The Excavations at Tell Beit Mirsim.” Bulletin of the American Schools of Oriental Research 23 (Oct., 1926), 2-14. JSTOR
  • _____. “The Gezer Calendar.” Bulletin of the American Schools of Oriental Research 92 (1943): 16–26. JSTOR
  • _____. “Toward a More Conservative View: Interview with W. F. Albright.” Christianity Today, January 18, 1963.
  • Alter, Stephen G. “From Babylon to Christianity: William Foxwell Albright on Myth, Folklore, and Christian Origins.” Journal of Religious History 36, no. 1 (March 2012): 1-18. PDF
  • Avi-Yonah, Michael. “Albright, William Foxwell.” Edited by Fred Skolnik and Michael Berenbaum. Encyclopaedia Judaica. New York, N.Y.: MacMillan, 2006. PDF
  • Beaulieu, Paul-Alain. “W. F. Albright & Assyriology.” Near Eastern Archaeology 65, no. 1 (March 1, 2002): 11–16. JSTOR
  • Bolen, Todd. The Legacy of William F. Albright. BiblePlaces Blog. March 4, 2009. LINK
  • Campbell, Edward F. “William F. Albright, 1891-1971.” Journal of the American Oriental Society 93, no. 1 (January 1, 1973): 1–2. JSTOR
  • Chisholm, Hugh, ed. “W. F. Albright.” In Encyclopædia Britannica. 11th ed. Cambridge, U.K.: Cambridge University Press, 1911. LINK
  • Cross, Frank Moore. “W. F. Albright’s View of Biblical Archaeology and Its Methodology.” The Biblical Archaeologist 36, no. 1 (February 1, 1973): 2-5. JSTOR
  • Davis, Thomas W. “Faith and Archaeology—A Brief History to the Present.” Biblical Archaeology Review 19, No. 2 (March/April 1993): 54-59. LINK
  • Dessel, J. P. “Reading Between the Lines: W. F. Albright ‘In’ the Field and ‘On’ the Field.” Near Eastern Archaeology 65, no. 1 (March 1, 2002): 43–50. ProQuest
  • Dever, William G. “What Remains of the House That Albright Built?” The Biblical Archaeologist 56, no. 1 (March 1993): 25–35. JSTOR
  • Downing, Frederick L. “The biblical archaeology movement: building and re-building the Albright house.” Perspectives in Religious Studies 33, no. 4 (2006): 495-506. Request ILL
  • Feinberg, C. L. “Albright, William Foxwell,” page 14 in Who’s Who in Christian History. ed. J. D. Douglas and Philip W. Comfort. Wheaton, IL: Tyndale House, 1992. Not Available Online
  • Feinman, Peter Douglas. William Foxwell Albright and the Origins of Biblical Archaeology. Berrien Springs, MI: Andrews University Press, 2004. Not Available Online
  • _____. “Canaanites, Catholics, and Chosen Peoples: William Foxwell Albright’s Biblical Archaeology.” Near Eastern Archaeology 75, no. 3 (September 1, 2012): 148-60. ProQuest
  • _____. “Methodism and the Origins of Biblical Archaeology: The William Foxwell Albright Story.” Andrews University Seminary Studies 47, no. 1 (2009): 61–72. Request ILL
  • Freedman, David Noel. “William Foxwell Albright: In Memoriam.” Bulletin of the American Schools of Oriental Research 205, no. 1 (February 1972): 1+3–13. JSTOR
  • Gitin, Seymour. “The House That Albright Built.” Near Eastern Archaeology 65, no. 1 (March 1, 2002): 5–10. ProQuest
  • Glueck, Nelson and G. Ernest Wright. “Tribute to William Foxwell Albright.” Bulletin of the American Schools of Oriental Research no. 162 (April 1961): 1-2. JSTOR
  • Hamilton, Gordon J. “W. F. Albright and Early Alphabetic Epigraphy.” Near Eastern Archaeology 65, no. 1 (March 2002): 35-40. ProQuest
  • Hallo, William W. “Albright and the Gods of Mesopotamia.” The Biblical Archaeologist 56, no. 1 (March 1993): 18-24. JSTOR
  • Herr, Larry G. “W. F. Albright and the History of Pottery in Palestine.” Near Eastern Archaeology 65, no. 1 (2002): 51–55. ProQuest or  PDF
  • Keiger, Dale. “The Great Authenticator.” John Hopkins Magazine: Pioneers of Scholarship, April 2000. LINK.
  • Levy, Thomas E., and David Noel Freedman. “William Foxwell Albright.” In Biographical Memoirs, edited by Office of the Home Secretary and National Academy of Sciences, Pages 3–29. Vol. 91. Jerusalem: National Academies Press, 2009. Look Inside or PDF or LINK
  • Long, Burke O. “Mythic Trope in the Autobiography of William Foxwell Albright.” The Biblical Archaeologist 56, no. 1 (March 1, 1993): 36-45. JSTOR
  • MacDonald, Robert B. and Daniel L. Mattson, eds. The Published Works of William Foxwell Albright: A Comprehensive Bibliography. Oxford, U.K.:Oxford University Press, 1977. Not Available Online
  • Miles, John A. “Understanding Albright : A Revolutionary Etude.” Harvard Theological Review 69, no. 1-2 (January 1, 1976): 151-175. JSTOR
  • Miller, J. Maxwell and Edward F. Campbell Jr. “W. F. Albright and Historical Reconstruction”. The Biblical Archaeologist, Vol. 42, No. 1. (Winter, 1979), 37-47. JSTOR
  • Orlinsky, Harry. “Albright, William Foxwell: Collected Papers, 1916-1972”. An Indexed Bibliography of the Writings of William Foxwell Albright. Pamphlet Volume 330. Andover-Harvard Theological Library: Harvard Divinity School. LINK
  • Sasson, Jack M. “Albright as an Orientalist.” The Biblical Archaeologist 56, no. 1 (March 1993): 3–7. JSTOR
  • Shanks, Hershel. A Life of Albright. Biblical Archaeology Review 2, no. 2 (June 1976): 21-22. BAR
  • Schloen, J. David. “W. F. Albright and the Origins of Israel.” Near Eastern Archaeology 65, no. 1 (March 2002): 56-62. ProQuest
  • Silberman, Neil A. “Visions of the Future: Albright in Jerusalem, 1919-1929.” The Biblical Archaeologist 56, no. 1 (March 1993): 8-16. JSTOR
  • Skehan, Patrick William. “Albright, William Foxwell, 1891-1971.” Catholic Biblical Quarterly 33, no. 4 (October 1, 1971): 546-547. ALTA
  • Wiseman, D. J. “Obituary: William Foxwell Albright.” Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies. University of London, London 35, no. 2 (1972): 345-348. JSTOR
  • Wood, Leon J. “Present trend to OT theology as represented in the Albright influence.” Bulletin of the Evangelical Theological Society 1, no. 4 (1958): 1-5. PDF
  • Wright, J. Edward. “W. F. Albright’s Vision of Israelite Religion.” Near Eastern Archaeology 65, no. 1 (March 2002): 63-68. ProQuest
  Back to the Index

Yigal Yadin (Sukenik)

Yigal Yadin is certainly a colorful individual and you will find him interesting. For Yadin you will have a lot of material to sort through. In this archaeology course we are not interested in his military career so don’t spend a lot of time on it. For more information on Albright look in a good Bible Dictionary or Encyclopedia LINK under the sites that he excavated. Questions that you should answer in your paper include:
  1. Where did he take his training?
  2. Where did he excavate?
  3. What are some of his important finds?
  4. What role did he play in the discovery of the Dead Sea Scrolls?
  5. Who did he excavate with?
  6. What discoveries did he make or was involved in?
  7. What was his specialty?

Available Sources:

  • Boraas, Roger S. “Review of The James A. De Rothschild Expedition at Hazor, Hazor III-IV: An Account of the Third and Fourth Excavations, 1957-1958 by Yigael Yadin.” Journal of Biblical Literature 110 no 3 (Fall 1991): 499-501. LINK
  • Dever, William G. “Yigael Yadin (1917-1984): In Memoriam.” Bulletin of the American Schools of Oriental Research 256 (Autumn 1984): 3-5. JSTOR
  • Orni, Efraim. “Yadin (Sukenik), Yigael.” Edited by Fred Skolnik and Michael Berenbaum. Encyclopaedia Judaica. 22 Vols (New York, N.Y.: MacMillan, December 12, 2006): 21:264-65. LINK
  • Roxan, Margaret M. “Greek and Latin Documents from Masada. Review of Masada, II: The Yigael Yadin Excavations, 1963-1965. Final Reports; The Latin and Greek Documents by Hannah M. Cotton; Joseph Geiger” The Classical Review 41, no. 2 (1991): 458-59. JSTOR
  • Segal, J. B. “Review of Hazor I: An Account of the First Season of Excavations, 1955 by Yigael Yadin; Yohanan Aharoni; Ruth Amiran; Trude Dothan; Immanuel Dunayevsky; Jean Perrot.” Bulletin of The School of Oriental and African Studies 23, no. 1 (1960): 199. JSTOR.
  • Segal, J. B. “Review of Hazor II: An Account of the Second Season of Excavations, 1956 by Yigael Yadin; Yohanan Aharoni; Ruth Amiran; Trude Dothan; Immanuel Dunayevsky; Jean Perrot.” Bulletin of The School of Oriental and African Studies 26, no. 1 (1963): 177-78. JSTOR
  • Shanks, Hershel. “BAR Interviews Yigael Yadin.” Biblical Archaeology Review 9, no. 1 (1983): 16-23.
  • Shanks, Hershel. “Yigael Yadin 1917–1984.” Biblical Archaeology Review 10, no. 5 (1984): 24-29.
  • Silberman, Neil Asher. A Prophet from Amongst You: The Life of Yigael Yadin: Soldier, Scholar, and Mythmaker of Modern Israel. Addison-Wesley, 1994. Look Inside
  • Yadin, Yigael. Hazor: The Rediscovery of a Great Citadel of the Bible. New York, N.Y.: Random House, 1975. Not Available Online
  • Yadin, Yiagel, and Carol Newsom. “The Masada Fragment of the Qumran Songs of the Sabbath Sacrifice.” Israel Exploration Journal 34 (1984): 77-88. JSTOR
  • Yadin, Yigael, Joseph Naveh, and Yaacov Meshorer. Masada I: The Yigael Yadin Excavations 1963-1965 Final Reports. The Masada Reports. Atlanta, GA: Biblical Archaeology Society, 1989.
  • “Professor Yigael Yadin 1917-1984: In Memoriam.” Israel Exploration Journal 34, 2/3 (1984) 73-76. JSTOR

 Back to the Index

 Modified October 22, 2014 Copyright © 2014 Dr. David E. Graves