Feb 8, 2016


Nineveh. The Mashki Gate. Reconstructed.
One of the fifteen gateways of ancient Nineveh.
The lower portions of the stone retaining wall are original.
The gateway structure itself was originally of mudbrick.
A few orthostats can be seen at the right of the passageway.
Height of the vault is about 5 m. Photo by Fredarch. PD


Liberty Excavation Reports Requirements

INDEX of Sites


On Nineveh you will want to look at the research done by Henry Layard. Remember to provide"the historical background of the site (including history of previous archaeological excavations, if any), objectives of the current excavation, progress at the site, and significance of discoveries to biblical study. "Make sure to choose a good encyclopedia, journal articles, and books that specialize in the subject. This will give you a cross section of material.
  • Brackman, Arnold C. Luck of Nineveh: Greatest Adventure in Modern Archaeology. New York, N.Y.: McGraw–Hill, 1978.

  • Dalley, S. "Nineveh, Babylon and the Hanging Gardens: Cuneiform and Classical Sources Reconciled,” Iraq 56 (1994): 44-58.
  • Gadd, C. J. 1923. The Fall of Nineveh. London
  • Layard, Austen Henry. “Nineveh and Its Remains.” The Southern Quarterly Review 16, no. 31 (1849): 1–31.
  • Layard, Austen Henry. 2004. The Monuments of Nineveh: From Drawings Made on the Spot. Piscataway, N.J.: Gorgias.
  • Layard, Austen Henry. 1853. Discoveries in the Ruins of Nineveh and Babylon.
  • Layard, Austen Henry. “Nineveh and Its Remains.” SQR 16, no. 31 (1849): 1–31
  • Mattila, R. ed. Nineveh, 612 BC: The Glory and Fall of the Assyrian Empire. Catalogue of the 10th Anniversary Exhibition of the Neo-Assyrian Text Corpus Project, 1995.
  • McLerran, Dan. Saving Ancient Nineveh.” In Popular Archaeology, vol. 3 June 2011. LINK
  • Parrot, A. 1955. Nineveh and the Old Testament.
  • Reade, Julian. “Layard’s Nineveh and its Remains.” Antiquity 72, no. 278 (12, 1998): 913–916. LINK
  • Russell, J. M. The Final Sack of Nineveh: The Discovery, Documentation, and Destruction of Sennacherib’s Throne Room at Nineveh, Iraq, 1998.

Dictionaries and Encyclopedias:

The list of abbreviations can be found here. LINK
  • Avi–Yonah, Michael, and Ephraim Stern. Nineveh. Encyclopedia of Archaeological Excavations in the Holy Land. 4 vols. Upper Saddle River, N.J.: Prentice Hall, 1978.
  • DeVries, 2006. “Nineveh,” in CBW, 31–34; 
  • Emberling, Geoff. “Nineveh.” Page 966 in Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible. Freedman, David Noel, Allen C. Myers, and Astrid B. Beck, eds. Grand Rapids, Mich.: Eerdmans, 2000.
  • Grayson, A. Kirk. Nineveh (place).” Pages 1118–1119 IThe Anchor Bible Dictionary. 6 vols. Vol. 4. Freedman, David Noel, Gary A. Herion, David F. Graf, and John David Pleins, eds. New York, N.Y.: Doubleday, 1992.
  • Mallowan, Max. Nineveh (ancient city, Iraq).” Encyclopedia Britannica Online. LINK
  • Negev, Avraham, and Shimon Gibson, eds. “Nineveh.” page 369-70 in Archaeological Encyclopedia of the Holy Land. New rev., and updated. 1 vols. New York, N.Y.: Continuum International, 2001.
  • Pfeiffer, Charles F., ed. “Nineveh.” pages 415–421 in Wycliffe Dictionary of Biblical Archaeology. Peabody, Mass.: Hendrickson, 2000.
  • Ryken et al., eds. 1998. “Nineveh,” in DBI, 595–96
  • Stronach, David and Kim Codella. “Nineveh.”  Pages 144–48 In Vol. 4 of The Oxford Encyclopedia of Archaeology in the Near East, ed., Eric M. Meyers. Oxford Biblical Studies Online. LINK
  • Uehlinger, C. 1999. “Nimrod,” in DDD, 627–30.
  • Wiseman, Donald L. “Nineveh.” Zondervan Pictorial Encyclopedia of the Bible, Vols. 1–5. Revised, Full–Color ed. Tenney, Merrill C., and Mois├ęs Silva, eds. Grand Rapids, Mich.: Zondervan, 2009, 4:440-45.

Modified Feb 8, 2016. Copyright © 2016 Electronic Christian Media.  

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